The world’s largest rooftop garden in Paris
In urban areas, since high-rise buildings are lined up and the roads are covered with asphalt, there should be few places where you can feel nature. Of course, you rarely see farmland. However, the concept of “farmland should be on a ground” has disappeared, and agriculture on the rooftop of buildings has been getting popular in recent years. The urban farm is expected as a new way of farming, and in the spring of 2020, the world’s largest urban rooftop farm will open in Paris.
The world’s largest urban farm opens on the rooftop of Porte de Versailles, which is used as a venue for international events and is in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, about 15 minutes from the Eiffel Tower. The farm has a are of about the size of two football pitches (14,000 square meters), where more than 30 types of plants are planned to be grown. About 1,000kg of fruits and vegetables will be harvested daily during the high season.
In this rooftop farm, vertical farming is adopted. Vertical farming is a method of growing crops efficiently in a limited space by stacking or setting up cultivation spaces vertically with respect to the ground, unlike conventional farms that spread horizontally. Thanks to the vertical cultivation, the rooftop farm requires only 10% of the water needed in a traditional agricultural environment.
In addition to growing fruits and vegetables, Le Perchoir, producing famous rooftop facilities in Paris, will also run a restaurant and bar on the farm. The menu includes seasonal ingredients grown on the farm, and customers can get the panoramic views of Paris. You can enjoy not only taste but also landscapes. The farm also offers services other than cultivation such as educational tours and team-building workshops for companies. In addition, local residents can have their own farms as rental farms.
Viparis, which runs Porte de Versailles, has been promoting urban rooftop farming in collaboration with Agripolis and Cultures en Ville, specializing in urban agriculture. Agripolis is responsible for agriculture and services and events are to Cultures en Ville. They hope that the farm will bring communities together and provide foods grown in a low-carbon way to homes and restaurants in southern Paris.
In the future, the world population is expected to steadily increase, and we will face the challenge of food shortages. It is necessary to secure foods; however, for the global environment, it would not be good to make an unreasonable increase in land spaces by deforestation to produce foods since land space is limited. In such a case, urban agriculture and vertical cultivation may be useful.