The development of mobility in Singapore is being accelerated
Although Singapore is not so large in the total area of the country, progressive approaches for the next-generation society are being carried out one after another. In May 2019, Land Transport Authority (LTA) of Singapore announced the “Land Transport Master Plan (LTMP) 2040,” a land transport policy to 2040. The policy has three major goals: “reducing travel time,” “promoting barrier-free,” and “improving pedestrians’ safety and health.”
For reducing travel time, it is aimed to reduce commuting time to work/school at a peak period to less than 45 minutes and reduce traveling time from each house to the nearest commercial facility to less than 20 minutes. To achieve this goal, new construction, up to 75% extension, and new station construction of Mass Rapid Train (MRT) are planned.
Secondly, regarding the promotion of barrier-free, it is planned to introduce dedicated waiting lines at the platform of the stations for the elderly, pregnant women, and users of wheelchairs/strollers to wait for a train and to implement its trial operations.
Finally, for improving pedestrians’ safety and health, it is planned to construct roofed walkways that connect between the MRT stations, residential areas, and commercial facilities, and to install a bicycle shed at each station, with the aim of encouraging people to walk or use bicycles. To ensure the pedestrians’ safety, it also includes to decide 50 Silver Zones where the speed of automobiles is limited to 30 kilometers/h and to install signs that encourage to give priority to pedestrians.
LTMP2040 also states that “Land Transport Authority (LTA) is committed to reducing the energy consumption of public buses by 100% by 2040, like electric or hybrid vehicles,” and which means that no diesel buses will be procured and electric or hybrid vehicles will be used in Singapore. In December 2018, 50 diesel hybrid buses were already in trial operation, and finally, the operation of 10 full-electric public transport buses has started from April 2020.
According to the Facebook page of Land Transport Authority of Singapore, the service using these buses is offered on five routes. It is also planned to introduce 50 more electric buses this year. It is said that it will be possible to eliminate nearly 8,000 tons of carbon emissions annually if all public transport buses are replaced with electric buses. This is equivalent to the amount of carbon dioxide produced by 1,700 automobiles. In addition, the electric buses are not only environmentally friendly but also universally designed: route information is displayed digitally, and passengers can easily get on the bus even if they have a stroller since there is no center pole.
In recent years, Singapore has been focusing on MaaS (*1), it has undergone rapid development, such as enabling to conduct automated driving tests throughout western Singapore and with the release of the MaaS app “Zipster” by MobilityX. It is exciting to see a clean city with less environmental impact along with developing mobility.
MaaS (Mobility as a Service): A new concept of “transportation” that uses ICT to connect all means of mobility other than private cars using cloud systems and links mobility seamlessly under the idea that it is one service.