Amazon Continues to Promote Renewable Energy
In May, Amazon announced five new solar PV projects in China, Australia, and the United States. This is one of the concrete plans to realize the commitment “The Climate Pledge” to achieve the Paris Agreement 10 years ahead of schedule.
To understand the Climate Pledge, let’s start with a quick review of the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement is the first international framework for climate change in 18 years since the Kyoto Protocol was adopted in 1997. It is the first framework in history in which all 196 member countries of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change participate, and it defines measures against global warming from 2020 onward. The main objectives of the international community are as follows.
① We will try to hold the increase in global average temperature below 2°C above pre-industrial levels’ and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels’.
② Reduce greenhouse gas emissions to virtually zero in the latter half of the 21st century
In 2018, two years after the Paris Agreement came into effect, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released its “Special Report on 1.5 ° C” based on the latest research. The report updates the status and goals as follows:
① It is expected to rise by 1.5 degrees between 2030 and 2052.
② In order to keep the temperature below 1.5 C, it is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to virtually 0 by 2050.
Are you surprised by the big difference compared to the goals of the Paris Agreement? The target deadline for virtually zero greenhouse gas emissions is being advanced from the latter half of the 21st century to 2050. In this way, the situation we are facing is becoming more serious with a sense of speed. Given this situation, what Amazon proposed in September last year was “The Climate Pledge.” The plan states that the renewable energy ratio will be 80% by 2024, 100% by 2030, and that greenhouse gas emissions will be virtually zero by 2040.
Regarding the target deadline for virtually zero greenhouse gases to 2040, which is 10 years earlier than 2050 in the Special Report of 1.5°C, Jeff Bezos, the company’s founder and CEO, said:
“We’re done being in the middle of the herd on this issue—we’ve decided to use our size and scale to make a difference. If a company with as much physical infrastructure as Amazon—which delivers more than 10 billion items a year—can meet the Paris Agreement 10 years early, then any company can. I’ve been talking with other CEOs of global companies, and I’m finding a lot of interest in joining the pledge. Large companies signing The Climate Pledge will send an important signal to the market that it’s time to invest in the products and services the signatories will need to meet their commitments.”
The company currently has 91 renewable energy projects worldwide. It has a generating capacity of more than 2,900 MW. The five announced projects are expected to add another 615 MW. The location and capacity of the new solar power plant will be as follows.
●100 megawatts in Shandong Province, China.
●105 megawatts in New South Wales, Australia.
●Ohio, USA — 200 megawatts, 80 megawatts.
●130 megawatts from Virginia, USA.
It will be the first power generation project in China, the second in Australia, and the tenth, 11, and twelfth in the United States. The electricity generated will be supplied to distribution centers and data centers around the world. Amazon has strengthened its presence as an infrastructure for modern people through worldwide curfew due to the spread of coronavirus infection. The company’s commitment to tackling climate change issues reflects its strong commitment to leading the world.