For sustainable society


An era when composting is essential

Composting organic waste (also known as food scraps) is not yet common. The sad reality is that there are many people in the world who still ask, “What is composting?” In the EU and the United States, composting is spreading at a considerable speed. Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany, have reported that composting organic waste and returning it to the soil has become normal. But, in the state of Vermont in the United States, for the first time, it became compulsory to compost.

According to a Vermont announcement, composting measures for organic waste was established by the state environmental Law Act 148: Universal Recycling Law. This state law was applied on July 1, 2020, and in addition to compulsory composting of organic waste, it is required that the use of disposable plastic straws, plastic bags, and disposable containers is prohibited. Products for composting include vegetable skins and seeds, eggs, coffee grounds, tea leaves, and leftover food. Due to bears often trespassing in the state of Vermont it is obligatory to throw away meat and bones without composting. When throwing meat and bones out it is suggested to place them in a bottle that would be difficult for the bears to open. There are also measures that are being implemented to ensure that there is also a Vermont Compost Operators course for those who want to improve their knowledge of composting.

Why did Vermont decide to start to compost raw garbage overall?According to the announcement made by Vermont State, methane, which is a greenhouse gas 84 times stronger than CO2, will continue to be generated for 20 years as organic waste is sent to landfills and decomposed in the absence of oxygen. In the state of Vermont alone, about one-quarter of the household waste is food scraps, and the waste from restaurants and cafes accounts for more than half of the total waste.

It has been reported that composting will improve reduction of greenhouse gases by approximately 38%.

Disneyland in Florida has been making efforts to thoroughly separate garbage and compost organic waste. It’s an important action that needs to be spread throughout the world, not just in the United States.

Photo:Adobe Stock

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